Conditional Sentences

Conditional Sentences

Conditional Sentences are also known as Conditional Clauses or If Clauses. They are used to express that the action in the main clause (without if) can only take place if a certain condition (in the clause with if) is fulfilled. There are three types of Conditional Sentences.

Kalimat-kalimat bersyarat juga dikenal sebagai Conditional Clauses atau If Clauses. Mereka digunakan untuk mengungkapkan yang tindakan dalam klausul utama (tanpa jika) hanya dapat terjadi jika kondisi tertentu (dengan jika) dipenuhi. Ada tiga jenis Conditional Sentences.

1.     Conditional Sentence Type 1 atau Present Real Conditional

Form

if + Simple Present, will-Future

Example: If I find her address, I will send her an invitation.

The main clause can also be at the beginning of the sentence. In this case, don’t use a comma.

Example: I will send her an invitation if I find her address.

Note: Main clause and / or if clause might be negative. See Simple Present und will-Future on how to form negative sentences.

Example: If I don’t see him this afternoon, I will phone him in the evening.

Exercises on Conditional Sentences Type 1

  1. If Caroline and Sue prepare the salad, Phil will decorate the house.
  2. If Sue cuts the onions for the salad, Caroline will peel the mushrooms.
  3. Jane will hover the sitting room if Aaron and Tim move the furniture.
  4. If Bob tidies up the kitchen, Anita will clean the toilet.
  5. Elaine will buy the drinks if somebody helps her carry the bottles.
  6. If Alan and Rebecca organise the food, Mary and Conor will make the sandwiches.
  7. If Bob looks after the barbecue, Sue will let the guests in.
  8. Frank will play the DJ if the others bring along their CDs.
  9. Alan will mix the drinks if Jane gives him some of her cocktail recipes.
  10. If they all do their best, the party will be great.

 

2.     Conditional Sentence Type 2 atau Present Unreal Conditonal

Form

if + Simple Past, main clause with Conditional I (= would + Infinitive)

Example: If I found her address, I would send her an invitation.

The main clause can also be at the beginning of the sentence. In this case, don’t use a comma.

Example: I would send her an invitation if I found her address.

Note: Main clause and / or if clause might be negative. See Simple Past und Conditional I on how to form negative sentences.

Example: If I had a lot of money, I wouldn’t stay here.

Were instead of Was

In IF Clauses Type II, we usually use ‚were‘ – even if the pronoun is I, he, she or it –.

Example: If I were you, I would not do this.

Exercise on Conditional Sentences Type 2

  1. If I played the lottery, I would have a chance to hit the jackpot.
  2. If I hit the jackpot, I would be rich.
  3. If I were rich, my life would change completely.
  4. I would buy a lonely island, if I found a nice one.
  5. If I owned a lonely island, I would build a huge house by the beach.
  6. I would invite all my friends if I had a house by the beach.
  7. I would pick my friends up in my yacht if they wanted to spend their holidays on my island.
  8. We would have great parties if my friends came to my island.
  9. If we liked to go shopping in a big city, we would charter a helicopter.
  10. But if my friends’ holidays were over, I would feel very lonely on my lonely island.

3.     Conditional Sentence Type 3 atau Past Unreal Conditional

Form

if + Past Perfect, main clause with Conditional II

Example: If I had found her address, I would have sent her an invitation.

The main clause can also be at the beginning of the sentence. In this case, don’t use a comma.

Example: I would have sent her an invitation if I had found her address.

Note: Main clause and / or if clause might be negative. See Past Perfect and Conditional II on how to form negative sentences.

Example: If I hadn’t studied, I wouldn’t have passed my exams.

Exercise on Conditional Sentences Type 3

  1. If the midfielders had passed the ball more exactly, our team would have had more chances to attack.
  2. If the forwards had run faster, they would have scored more goals.
  3. Their motivation would have improved if they had kicked a goal during the first half.
  4. The fullbacks would have prevented one or the other goal if they had marked their opponents.
  5. If the goalie had jumped up, he would have caught the ball.
  6. If the referee had seen the foul, he would have awarded a penalty kick to our team.
  7. Our team would have been in better form if they had trained harder the weeks before.
  8. The game would have become better if the trainer had sent a substitute in during the second half.
  9. If it had been a home game, our team would have won the match.
  10. If our team had won the match, they would have moved up in the league.

Sumber :

 

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s


%d bloggers like this: